Anlassgegeben zu den aktuellen Neuverhandlungen der PSI Richtlinie fand am 24.-26. Oktober der EUDataSummit in der KAS Konrad Adenauerstiftung statt.
Kurz seine These: Die Rahmenbedingungen der „Digitalisierung“ durch „costless copying“ führen zu Marktmachtkonzentration (aka Monopole) welche wiederum zu Vermögensungleichheiten führen, welche wiederum zu politischen Herausforderungen führen (siehe Trump, Rechtsruck in Europa, Brasilien, …). Zur Teillösung dieser Herausforderungen schlägt er ein Remunerationsystem bei Patenten, … vor. (Buch Kapitel 10).
Danach gab eine Podiumsdiskussion. Eines der Highlights war der sehenswerte Überblick von der PSI Genese in Europa aus Brüsseler Sicht von Malte Beyer. Exakter Beginn vom Video:
Malte Beyer verknüpfte dabei den Bogen von 2008 Paper von Rufus zu den aktuellen französischen Rahmenbedingungen. (Als Beispiel nannte er die Kostenbefreiung des nationalen französischen Geographiedienstes und der Daten und die Kostenabdeckung durch zukünfigte Mehrwertsteuer die aus jenen Anwendungen enstehen). Industriepolitik. Wirtschaftspolitik. Anreizsysteme. (Text siehe Transkript im englischen Teil).
Ursprünglicher Antreiber war UK. Fehlt jetzt weg. Franzosen aktuell der zweite Treiber.
Und es ist ein Frage des politischen Willen.
cough cough oder wie man auf Deutsch sagt HUESTEL!!!
Das zweite Panel mit Heiko Richter (Max-Planck-Institut), Jakob Greiner (Deutsche Telekom), Felix Schwabe (AUDI AG), Malte Beyer-Katzenberger (European Commission), Peter Wells (The Open Data Institute) und moderiert von Lina Rusch (Der Tagesspiegel) behandelte das Thema „B2B and B2G Data Sharing“. Video
Nach den Breakfast Session „Data Driven Governments“ und „Access to Data“ kamen in der extra einberäumten PSI Policy-Lunch-Session Mitglieder der aktuellen österr. EU-Präsidentschaft, EC, Verhandlungsteam der einzelnen Länder, Open Data Enthusiasten und Wirtschaftsleute zusammen. Und es fand ein äussert reger Austausch statt (quasi opengov).
Wir werden sehen wie süß oder sauer die nächste PSI wird.
Danke an allen beteiligten Personen, vorallem jene die extra nach Berlin kamen. Danke an Pencho und KAS Stiftung, oder wie es Mathias Schindler so treffend sagte.
19.10.18 Julia Reda Opinion IMCO
- November geplantes Update/Präsentation der EC, aktuelles Dokument
- Dezember voraussichtlich Abstimmung im Parlament
- Dezember Brüssel „Kommunale Daten“ @KASeurope Diskussion mit (ɔ) @AxelVossMdEP und @AlexanderHand vom @Gemeindebund
Bis dahin rattern die Türklinken. Update 7.11 EC press release
#EuDataSummit : @Etalab est à Berlin avec la @KASonline pour présenter les actions en matière #opendata et de politique de la donnée 🇫🇷— Etalab (@Etalab) October 25, 2018
« La France montre la voie » selon le représentant de @EU_Commission pic.twitter.com/EnA01172LP
Transcript of Malte Beyer (status: machine translated)
Thanks for for having me, I’m first and foremost a true soldier I mean in the bureaucracy you’re never and an agenda set at the lowest level it’s coming from higher moments and I’m have a great team what doing open data since it’s deception and I think that term public sector information we owe to the Brits it’s their fault obviously who we’re the the true innovators on this front in the Late 1990s and early 2000s when the further where the policy was basically created with the original directive in 2003 and when I joined the Commission in 2011 my German friends lawyer friends were saying we’re gonna go work on and say yeah it’s open data what’s that? yeah IWG Informationsweiterverwendungsgesetz ah this niche law that I’ve never really know where to find it which in 2011 was really for good reasons, a niche law because it was basically a very soft along almost powerless almost a toothless tool in terms of the open data so over time and that should but we try to adopt the term open data which synchronizes maybe more with the 2013 version of the director so the first revised directive and that’s also the standard label we now try to give it well we can change the name of the directive in this round I’m not so sure but there have been I think suggestions and we also discusses and it seems that wear label it but that has all sorts of complications I think what the directive had to do and will continue to have to do is to do it in partnership with member states we will just now see again a new report and subsidiarity and proportionality coming out and there will be communication from the Commission on that there was a was a specific process to underpin this and we have been reminded of these principles that are in the treaties in the annexes to the treaties that you shouldn’t try to regulate everything at European level and the access freedom of information is national competence and it will remain one and that’s always been a bit of the the thing that the openness relies on the two legs access and reuse as you say so so certain certain purposes and also you can see it also in the amendments in the European Parliament are driven by transparency I want to know, journalists want to know activists want to know the gender pay gap is is a fantastic example for that people want to know this because we want to be more transparent in the world we live in the original directive however had to find a legal base in the treaties and that was the internal market competence with you saying there’s an economic activity that builds on data and that gives us the right to say certain things about conditions that may be or not may not be attached to data held by the government then it comes to the restrictions and so how open have do you have so with the the idea of of now sitting together with the members is in a process still to be defined and I’ve been in kind of an act still to have a specific nature and the process comes with nature of the act and the influence and the powers that that now gather that list that that is something what we try to break it and we’ve been involved also in the g8 Open Data charted in 2013 we look having at office in the UK again the Brits at fault here the cabinet did a marvelous job in setting together that list of the categories of high-value data sets in the g8 open data chart at the international data charter has taken that over and and has tried to internationalize from eight countries to a lot more and now we want to build on that momentum and say yes we all agree that certain categories are particularly valuable. a second driver in that process is is France it’s the law on the digital Republic which has established a category of „donate the reference“ certain data assets that are mostly held by the public sector which have such a core value in anything that you want to do and a classic example is geospatial information mapping information all the geo localized services that you have on your phone only work with accurate mapping information otherwise it’s crap so who holds access to that infrastructure the mapping information and how has it been usable and reusable if it has such an important value on you or all your phones and what do people have to pay to whom if at all to have the right to use mapping information and why is Google so successful in getting its maps out, maybe because the license model is better and I mean Rufus no worries now I mean he’s been been fighting with the UK ordnance service for years, I’m intellectually speaking fighting, saying change your yoga business model and France will do that trick France will say we will stop the asset you national Geographic the charging people to use mapping information and will replace it with government funding just to stop it and hoping to recap on the value that we is generated by the services using the apps so the VAT that is paid by the app developer, the income tax that is paid by the app developer, that’s that’s Rufus’s case from 2008 which still is the most valuable piece to underpin our policy but it’s not that intellectual discourse is not finished and we’ve seen this with reopening the discussion on the psi directive we’re seeing it very clearly and we’re seeing especially because we want to say that the list of high value data sets should come free free at no cost to the user because of the high value that’s the French example in French say well demonstrate that they have if there’s political will you can do it and then you try to to tax the app developers and to get the VAT from them don’t try to have these 8-10 distributors that happen to be tapped into your company register in your country and that basically bring you back the money that it took to set up the the infrastructure because there was a cost of setting up the company register there’s not for a operational cost of having the company residues running now the third marginal cost if you want also for the last copy them will never be closed and never entirely zero there will always be a little cost so wrapping this up open data open government data is an essential element of anything that we hear about data than your oil in the new economy because it’s one part of the data and if you push it now data is data essential resource in the economy and will may become that in the second panel if we agree that at least some data assets are an essential assets in a data economy and if it happens to be so that such as it’s operated by the government then this is a clear case for a public data infrastructure so a public provision of that data as infrastructure a last word I mean it’s a bit the semantics discussion is not always easy out also inside our house because we have data as infrastructure versus infrastructures for data so hosting an open data portal is an infrastructure for data if you want and so the whole that the semantics on data as infrastructure are do not resonate always very well in our circles and maybe also with you in the audience but I think the economic argument that Rufus has eloquently made before and the pins the fact that it’s a it’s like an infrastructural resource in the economy and certain of that infrastructure needs to be publicly provided.
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